People - Marie Curie

Highly trained researchers are needed in order to advance science and underpin innovation, and to attract and sustain public and private investment in research. With growing global competition, the development of an open European labour market for researchers and the diversification of skills and career paths of researchers are crucial, and mobility, both transnational and intersectoral, is a key component of the European Research Area. The FP7 programme's activities will be based on the long and successful experience of the Marie Curie actions and will cover all stages of a researcher's professional life, from initial research training to life-long learning and career development. While building on the positive experiences of the Marie Curie programme so far, there will be an increased focus on three aspects: better structuring, industrial participation, and a stronger international dimension.

People includes the following actions:

  • Initial training: this action aims to improve early-stage researchers' career prospects in both the public and private sectors, thereby making research careers more attractive to young people. This will be achieved through a transnational networking mechanism, aimed at structuring the existing high-quality initial research training capacity throughout Member and Associated States .
  • Life-long training: this action is aimed at promoting life-long training and the career development of experienced researchers through individual fellowships awarded directly at Community level and by co-financing of regional, national or international programmes. The action comprises outgoing mobility, incoming mobility, and re-integration.
  • Industry academia: this action seeks to open and foster dynamic pathways between public research organisations and private commercial enterprises, including in particular SMEs, and traditional manufacturing industries. The aim is to promote and support longer term co-operation programmes with a high potential for increased knowledge-sharing and mutual understanding of the different cultural settings and skill requirements of both sectors.
  • International dimension: FP7 aims to attract research talent from outside Europe, to foster mutually beneficial research collaboration with researchers from outside Europe and to improve the career development of European researchers by supporting international research cooperation. Marie-Curie International Fellowships will support exchanges and work-stays for non-European researchers. The introduction of reintegration grants and the new 'scientific visa' Directive aim to further facilitate these exchanges. Partnerships between European research institutions and their counterparts in countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy or who have a Science and Technology Agreement with the EU will also be actively encouraged and supported.
  • Specific actions: specific actions to support the creation of a genuine European labour market for researchers and awards to improve the public awareness of Marie Curie actions.